To locate a potential birth mother, prospective adoptive parents may reach out to other lawyers and obstetricians, take out ads in newspapers, or develop websites advertising their desire to adopt. Through these methods, pregnant mothers who are interested in relinquishing the child are able to locate the interested adoptive parents, and begin communication about the process.
Once a match is established, the expectant parents and the adoptive parents will develop a plan for the adoption. This plan will be customized to meet the needs of both sets of parents, and can include providing the expectant mother’s care until delivery, covering her hospital stay, and outlining ongoing contact after the adoption has been finalized.
If you are still wondering if private infant adoption is right for your family, read on. The following is a list of reasons most families cite in their decision to pursue private infant adoption.
- Families who prefer working with a lawyer to an agency.
The predominant differentiating factor in a private infant adoption is the procurement of an adoption attorney instead of an adoption agency. A lawyer will interpret laws, advise on strategy, and facilitate communication between the adoptive parents and the birth parents, instead of agency filling this role.
- Families who want to adopt a newborn infant.
Private infant adoption is one of the few types of adoption that guarantees adoptive parents a newborn baby. Other types of adoption, such as foster care adoption or international adoption, often involve older babies and children.
- Families who want to adopt quickly.
Every type of adoption takes time. The specific amount of time will vary, and is conditional to the situation and families involved. However, private infant adoption typically takes less time then other types of adoption.
- Families who are interested in a specific sex.
With private infant adoption there is more flexibility for adoptive parents to be specific about the sex of the child they are interested in adopting. However, being preferential to one sex over the other may increase the length of time the adoption takes, as waiting for a match with a mother carrying a certain or known gender may detain the process.
- Families interested in knowing their child’s birth parents.
With private infant adoption, many adoptive parents meet their child’s birth parents and can become acquainted with them throughout the process. This often facilitates the possibility of learning more about the birth mother’s pregnancy, medical history, and family background. Additionally, private infant adoption provides the opportunity to pursue an open adoption.
- Families with the appropriate financial resources.
As with every type of adoption, private infant adoption does carry a cost component, and families interested in private infant adoption should be prepared for the this requirement. Additionally, there is no guaranteed set of costs with private infant adoption. While legal fees, advertising costs, medical bills, and counseling for the birth mother are standard, the final cost can range based on location and provider, and there may be other expenses that arise throughout the process.
- Families who live in a state that allows private adoption.
The process around private infant adoption is regulated by the state. Several states prohibit the process altogether, and laws between interstate private adoptions differ. However, your adoption attorney will be able to provide you with the information required.
Private infant adoption is just one of several types of adoption. The best type of adoption for your family is the one that suits your needs best.