As with adoption anywhere in the United States, there are costs associated with adoption in the state of Texas. The cost of adoption depends on a few factors such as the kind of adoption you will be pursuing, as well as the kind of adoption professional you will be working with. As far as adoption types go, there are domestic adoptions, international adoptions, and foster care adoptions. As far as help, you can turn to adoption agencies, attorneys/law firms or facilitators. Each decision has its own costs and the aim of this article is to help you sort out some of those costs to give you a more complete idea of the total cost of the adoption that you wish to pursue in TX.

Domestic Adoption

A domestic adoption means that the child you are adopting is coming from within the United States. This type of adoption is when a Birth Mother or Birth Parents voluntarily place their child for adoption. Adoption agencies, adoption law centers and adoption facilitators can help you with a domestic adoption.

When you look to adopt a baby in TX, you can expect overall costs to range anywhere from $35,000 to $50,000. Fees that Adoptive Parents will need to be prepared for include:

  • Adoption professional service fees
  • Marketing/networking expenses to find a Birth Mother, if applicable
  • Home study fees
  • Child abuse/FBI clearance fees
  • Birth Mother expenses as permitted by Texas law
  • Travel expenses
  • Court costs

It is important for Adoptive Parents to know that there are resources to help afford an adoption in Texas. The adoption tax credit, loans, grants, employer or military benefits as well as fundraising or crowdfunding are all avenues that Adoptive Parents have turned to assist in their adoption budget.

International Adoption

International adoption is when a prospective family adopts a child from outside of their home country. International adoption is very different from domestic adoption and comes with some of its own costs and requirements that are important to be mindful of.

For an international adoption, you will need to find a licensed adoption service provider to guide you through the process. Your adoption service provider will ensure that all 3 sets of laws are followed: US federal law, the laws of the child’s country of residence and the laws of Texas.

There are fees specific to international adoption, the main ones being travel expenses (you will have to travel to the country that you are adopting from), the in-country travel expenses, the child’s passport, visa, medical exam, etc. Below are common fees to expect, just know that the amounts will vary based on the country you are adopting from.

  • Agency Fees
  • Travel Expenses
  • Country Specific Adoption Expenses
  • In-Country Travel Expenses
  • Clearance and Dossier
  • Child’s Needs (Passport, Visa, Medical)

Average Cost of International Adoption by Country:

  • China: $32,835-$43,380
  • Columbia: $32,285-$44,280
  • Haiti: $44,835-$58,530
  • South Korea: $39,235-$54,430

It is worth noting that international adoption has seen a steady decline over the last couple of decades. Some countries such as China (once the largest source of international adoption by a large margin) have enacted stricter laws and regulations that limit the number of children that can be adopted from outside of the country. There is also a sizeable and rising cost to adopting internationally that may deter would-be Adoptive Parents from choosing international adoption as their paths to parenthood.

International Adoption

International adoption is when a prospective family adopts a child from outside of their home country. International adoption is very different from domestic adoption and comes with some of its own costs and requirements that are important to be mindful of.

Foster Care Adoption

Foster care adoption is the least expensive form of adoption available in Texas and the United States as a whole. Other than the cost, another big difference between foster care adoption in the US and private adoption in the US is that the median age of foster care children is 8. It is still possible to adopt a baby through the foster care system, but it is more likely that the children available for adoption will be toddlers and older.

With foster care adoption you have the option to either foster to adopt, where you foster a child before being able to adopt, or you can adopt outright. With foster care the goal is always to reunite the child with his biological parent(s) and the child will only be eligible for adoption after reunification has been deemed impossible or inadvisable.

The cost of adoption through a public Texas agency is nominal and adoption assistance is also available.

Adoption Assistance

The Texas Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS for short) does have an adoption assistance program that exists to help ease any financial burden that comes with foster care adoption.

Adoption Assistance is almost exclusively for children that are considered “special needs” which is defined by the DFPS as being younger than 18 years old and meeting one of the following four criteria:

  1. The child is at least 6 years of age
  2. The child is at least two years old and a member of a racial or ethnic group that exits foster care at a slower pace than other racial or ethnic groups
  3. The child being adopted is either being adopted with a sibling or to join a sibling
  4. The child has a verifiable physical, mental, or emotional disabling condition (established by a qualified professional)

Program Benefits

  • Medicaid health care coverage (for the adopted child)
  • Reimbursement for certain one-time expenses relating to completing the adoption process (up to $1,200 per adoption)
  • Monthly payments to assist with the child’s needs

International adoptions may also be eligible for benefits if the child is considered “special needs” at the time of adoption.

To find out if you qualify or would qualify for adoption assistance head over to the DFPS website to get a more complete view of the criteria or contact your adoption professional of choice and they should be able to answer any and all questions that you may have.

You can contact us at the Adoption Network Law Center at any time if you have additional questions. Our number is 1-800-367-2367.