How to Adopt in Michigan
Michigan isn't just home to the Great Lakes; it's also home to many families seeking adoption opportunities and resources to begin their journey. Whether you are looking to adopt, looking to place your child for adoption, or searching for information about home studies and where to begin the process, the following information will be your guide to all things adoption in Michigan.
What you need to know about adopting a baby in Michigan
To get started on your adoption journey, it is important to understand some of the fundamental aspects and frequently asked question about the process. Here are a few things to know when considering adoption in Michigan.
What are the laws and requirements for adopting a baby in Michigan?
In Michigan, anyone may petition to adopt a child. If the petitioner is married, their spouse must be involved in the process. Prospective Adoptive Parents must be considered suitable to become parents and must not pose any risk of physical or psychological harm to the child.
How much does it cost to adopt a baby in Michigan?
- Medical, hospital, pharmaceutical, or nursing expenses for the child and Birth Mother
- Counseling services for the Birth Parent and child
- Traveling costs associated with the adoption
- Living expenses for the child’s Birth Mother up to 6 weeks after giving birth
Payments for living expenses of the Birth Mother after the first 6 weeks of the child’s life and any medical expenses covered by the Birth Mom’s insurance are not permitted.
How do you become a Foster Parent in Michigan?
- Be at least 21 years old
- Have sufficient income to support the child’s needs
- Agree to use nonphysical punishment to discipline the child
Complete the following trainings:
- CPR/First Aid
- Blood Borne Pathogens
- Licensing Orientation
- Pre-service Training
All adults in the home must:
- Submit a tuberculosis test
- Complete a state and federal background check
If you meet these requirements, you qualify to get your Foster Parent license and can begin changing the lives of children who need you. For more information, click here.
Can you finalize an international adoption in Michigan?
Adoption of a child from a foreign country that is presumed to be issued in accordance with the laws of the foreign country and the State of the Adoptive Parents’ residence will be recognized in Michigan.
What is a facilitator and is it legal to use their services for adoption in Michigan?
An adoption facilitator specializes in matching prospective Adoptive Families with expectant mothers; however, they are usually unlicensed and unregulated.
In Michigan, it is only licensed child-placing agencies or court authorized facilities may assist with adoption proceedings. An unlicensed person or agencies may not assist in the placement of a child.
Click here to read about the difference between adoption agencies, attorneys, and facilitators.
What you need to know about placing your baby for adoption in Michigan
If you are considering placing your child for adoption, understanding how the adoption process works as well as knowing your rights may relieve some of your worry. Here are a few things to know when considering adoption for your child in Michigan.
Who must consent to an adoption in Michigan?
- Each parent or the surviving parent
- The guardian of the child, if a guardian has been appointed
- The guardian of the parent, if a guardian has been appointed
- The court or a tribal court having permanent custody of the child
- The court having custody of the child
- The adoptee if they are 14 years old or older
If the child’s parent is a minor, consent will not be valid until the parent’s legal guardian has also consented to the adoption.
When is consent not necessary for adoption in Michigan?
- They have had their parental rights terminated
- The child has been released for the purpose of adoption to a child-placing agency
- A guardian of the child has been appointed
- A guardian of a parent has been appointed
- A parent having legal custody of the child is married to the petitioner
Can a Birth Parent revoke their consent to adoption in Michigan?
What rights do Birth Fathers have in the adoption process in Michigan?
A ‘Father’ is the man who signs an acknowledgment of parentage of a child.
If a child is born out of wedlock, a man is considered to be the ‘Natural Father’ of that child if he joins with the child’s Birth Mother and acknowledges that child as his by completing an acknowledgment of parentage form.
A Putative Father, in general, is a man who hasn't legally established paternity of the child but who is alleged to be or claims to be the Birth Father of a child who was born to a woman out of wedlock.
- Submits a verified affirmation of his paternity and a denial of his interest in custody of the child
- Files a disclaimer of paternity
- Was served with a notice of intent to release or consent at least 30 days before the expected date of birth but failed to file an intent to claim paternity either before the expected date of birth or before the birth of the child
- Is given proper notice of hearing but either fails to appear at the hearing or appears and denies his interest in custody of the child
- Has not shown interest for the child's care and did not provide support for the Birth Mom during her pregnancy
- Has not provided support for the Birth Mom, has not shown any interest in the child, and has not made provision for the child's care for at least 90 days preceding a required court hearing
Home study and Post Placement Requirements in Michigan
Prospective Adoptive Parents in Michigan are required to complete a home study before beginning the adoption process and a postplacement assessment after the adoption takes place. Both will assess your ability to provide a safe and stable environment for the child you wish to adopt.
What is a home study and what happens during the process?
In Michigan, the home study will include an interview and assessment of the following information about the Prospective Adoptive Parents:
- Marital status and family history
- Education and employment history
- Physical and mental health, including any history of substance abuse
- Reason for choosing adoption
- Proof of income and property
- Age, nationality, religious preference, race, ethnicity
- Criminal background check
- Whether the individual has ever been the respondent in a domestic violence proceeding or a proceeding concerning a child who was allegedly abused, dependent, deprived, neglected, abandoned, or delinquent, and the outcome of the proceeding
- Any circumstance that raises concern about the suitability of the individual as an Adoptive Parent
For more information about the home study process, click here.
Who oversees a home study in Michigan and who is included in it?
An adoption home study in Michigan is conducted by a licensed child-placing agency and the Prospective Adoptive Parents will be included in it.
For more information about the home study process, click here.
Why would my home study not be approved in Michigan?
- Criminal sexual conduct
- Soliciting a child for an immoral purpose or child sexual exploitation
- A similar offense committed in another state
What are the home study requirements for adopting a baby from another state?
Any out-of-home placement of a child outside the State is subject to the provisions of the Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children.
What is a post placement requirement and what happens during the process?
Before the adoption has been finalized, a post placement assessment will take place to ensure the transition into adoption is going well and that the Adoptive Family's circumstances have not changed to no longer fit the child's best interest.
- Assess and record the child’s and Adoptive Family’s adjustment and, where needed, include plans to assist the child or Adoptive Family
- Keep the Adoptive Parents informed of the results of the agency’s continuing assessment of the placement at the conclusion of each visit
What are the requirements for a Foster to Adopt placement in Michigan?
A Foster Parent may petition to adopt a child who has been in their care for at least 12 months. The court may waive the full home study investigation and only require a written report, if the Foster Family study was completed or updated not more than 12 months before the petition to adopt was filed.
Michigan Adoption Professionals
Michigan is home to some amazing adoption professionals who are ready to get your journey started. Whether you are interested in adopting a child or seeking resources to place your child for adoption, these professionals will guide you through the legal pathways and offer you support throughout your journey:Keane Center for Adoption
313-277-4664Bethany Christian Services
734-762-0909Adoption Option Michigan
Things to do in Michigan
If your adoption journey leads you to the Great Lake State, visit some of its most well-known attractions and lake spots:
The Henry Ford Museum of American Innovation in Detroit
Michigan’s Adventure Amusement Park in Muskegon
Visit Mackinac Island
Sand Dunes in Silver Lake
The Renaissance Center in Detroit
A note from Adoption Network Law Center
No matter your decision, we appreciate the time you have taken to read about how to adopt in Michigan. Adoption Network Law Center wishes you the best of luck and is available to answer any further questions you may have about the adoption process. Call 1-866-602-9541 to speak with one of our amazing team members or visit https://adoptionnetwork.com/ to read more about our services. Whether you’re a soon-to-be Birth Parent or Prospective Adoptive Parent, ANLC wishes you the best on your adoption journey.